Pediatric Microbiome [Vaginal Delivery Versus C-Section]

There are two ways by which a baby can come into this world: vaginally or by Cesarean delivery.   The vast majority of our critical gut Microbiome bacteria from our mothers during birth and breastfeeding. The method of delivery impacts the baby’s Microbiome; with vaginal delivery (VD) having a strong, beneficial effect and cesarean delivery (CD) is reducing the number and diversity of beneficial bacteria.  Cesarean delivery poses a health risk for newborns by way of changes in the gut micro biota there microbial species or genera that are uniformly present in all vaginally delivered infants and uniformly absent in all Cesarean‐born babies prolonged effects of birth mode on micro biota composition that co‐occurred with Cesarean delivery the mother’s collective Microbiome is healthy and that baby receives as many essential bacteria as possible from her during birth and breastfeeding, as her Microbiome forms the foundation for baby’s Microbiome, which is essential for health, development, and metabolism from infancy through childhood. The infant’s gut Microbiome is of critical importance since its bacteria build and strengthen baby’s immune system. the Microbiomes of babies born via vaginal delivery (VD) and via cesarean delivery (CD) are different, due to the different Microbiomes they are receiving from their mother and their physical environment, during a vaginal birth, the baby receives maternal vaginal, intestinal and fecal bacteria present in the birth canal; these bacteria are augmented with bacteria from mother’s skin, oral and breast milk Microbiomes through holding, kissing and breastfeeding. A baby born by CD does not receive these initial bacteria, but rather the bacteria present in his mother’s skin and the hospital environment which contains harmful bacteria subsequently, CD babies have significantly lower bacterial amounts and diversity than vaginally born babies, which is less than ideal.  Since they were not seeded with the optimal array of bacteria at birth, their immune systems may fail to develop properly, leaving them more susceptible to pathogens. Scientists speculate this may account for the increased long-term risk and incidence of chronic, non-communicable diseases (including allergies, asthma, obesity and autoimmune diseases) among babies born via cesarean section.

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